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Clinf RII - Epidemiology and societal effects of infectious diseases in Russia

Published 2019-12-16

CLINF (Climate-change Effects on theEpidemiology of Infectious Diseases and the Associated Impacts on NorthernSocieties) is a Nordic Centre of excellence within the NordForsk programme ”Responsibledevelopment in the Arctic”. The aim is to identify and investigate theinfluence of climate change on the geographical distribution and epidemiologyof infectious diseases of relevance for humans and animals in the Nordic regionand Russia.

In the CLINF RII-project, running 2019-2020the aim is to expand the cooperation with Russia. Here, SVA collaborate mainlywith the FederalResearch Centre for Virology and Microbiology (CVM), Vladimir region, www.vniivvim.ru  Animal disease data has been collected up to 30years backwards, for about 10 potentially climate sensitive infections fromseveral Russian regions. In addition, togain new knowledge on the infections present among animals in the north semi-domesticatedreindeer has been sampled in Norway, Sweden, Finland and Russia. In Icelandwild reindeer has been sampled. Screening for infections has been done usingnext generation sequencing (NGS) analyses. The results are under evaluation. Researchers from CVM in Russia has been visiting SVA and trainedat SLU to perform laboratory analyses on Brucella. The LUKE research institute inFinland has performed sampling of reindeer in two different districts in Yakutsk,Eastern Siberia. In addition, CVM supported with samples from reindeer in the Yamalregion, collected in connection to the outbreak of anthrax in 2016. Thesesamples from reindeer are now analysed for Brucella. Brucellosis is a seriouszoonotic disease and the results from reindeer will be compared withretrospective disease data from both humans and animals in the same area. Also,both in 2018 and 2019 we have arranged seminar at SVA/SLU focusing on seriousinfectious diseases for humans and animals, with presentations of Russian and Swedishparticipants. A workshop with the same focusis under preparation to be performed in Russia in the spring 2020. Aninternational workshop with focus on writing manuscripts in common was arranged2018. Two scientific publications incooperation with the Russian researchers has been published 2019. One of theseis an attempt to identify climate sensitive infections by performing anextensive literature review and the other is about pesti virus infections inreindeer from the Nordic countries and Russia.